(Sahih Muslim). (Also see Laughing) Weeping or laughter Dream Explanation — Seeing oneself as weeping will be interpreted as joy and happiness as long as such weeping is not done with sound, screaming or tearing one's collar to pieces as when mourning. In some cultures, crying is seen as being weak or unmanly activity - in particular, the Muslim culture. ‘muḥāḍaratayn muhimma adʿūkum li-samāʿihā li-shaykhinā al-bakkāʾ abū muṣʿab al-zarqāwī [Two important lectures I invite you to hear, by our weeping shaykh Abū Muṣʿab al-Zarqāwī]’. For example, they may be less contagious to out-groups, but all the more intense within the in-group. This trend cautions against excessive, ostentatious, or insincere weeping. ʿAbdallāh ʿAzzām, ʿIbar wa-baṣāʾir li’l-jihād fi’l-ʿasr al-ḥāḍir [Lessons and Insights on Jihad in the Current Age] (Amman: Maktabat al-Risāla al-Ḥadītha, 2nd edn., 1987), 20. This signal precipitates even more unambiguously if one get married in the dream and, besides, weeping, 'no' say or sees running away - then latter would be to be recommended urgently. William H. Frey, Crying: The Mystery of Tears (Minneapolis, MN: Winston Press, 1985); Ad J. J. M. Vingerhoets and Randolph R. Cornelius, Adult Crying: A Biopsychosocial Approach (London: Routledge, 2012); Michael Trimble, Why Humans Like to Cry: Tragedy, Evolution, and the Brain (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012). At least two studies of Islamic preaching have suggested that weeping preachers command more authority and credibility over their audiences.95 Given their clandestine nature, jihadi groups may have a particular need to ensure that their members are highly committed (lest they attract opportunists and infiltrators), and weeping may provide useful information in this regard. The weeping occurs in a variety of situations ranging from prayer to combat situations to the consumption of music and videos. One can happen without the other, and both can happen simultaneously. Jones, ‘“He Cried and Made Others Cry”’; Sunier and Şahin, ‘The weeping sermon’. Seeing people calling for Muhammad PBUH in your dream. Weeping in your dreams, foretells ill tidings and disturbances in your family. Jihadi groups presumably also have an incentive to appear sincere in their beliefs to outside Muslim constituencies in order to attract the latter’s support. And the dust (of jihad) in the cause of Allah and the smoke of Hell, will never be combined in the nostrils of a Muslim’).102. This is counterintuitive, because it puts them closer to the Sufis than the Salafis in the weeping domain, even though jihadis usually express hostility to Sufis on account of the latter’s unorthodox practices. Ayman Ṣabrī Faraj, Dhikrayāt ‘arabī afghānī: Abū Jaʿfar al-Miṣrī al-Qandahārī [Memoirs of an Afghan Arab] (Cairo: Dār al-Shurūq, 2002), 241. For example, when the Yemeni fighter Nāṣir al-Baḥrī had to return to base to recover from an injury during a battle in Bosnia, he ‘started weeping. Bint Feroz Din & Bint ‘Abd al-Ghafror; Birmingham: Al-Hidaayah Publishing and Distribution, 2012), 6–10. 2- Something exuding moisture so that it seems to be weeping is often deemed to be miraculous, and this dream can appear quite often in stages of transition as we are moving from one state of awareness to another. And those that completely reject any proof of this are themselves rejected. My review of the sources suggests that most weeping reports sort into one of six main types of weeping occasions.56 In the following I shall illustrate each type with representative examples. Dreams are of three types: a good dream which is glad tidings from Allaah, a dream from the Shaytaan which causes distress, and a dream that comes from what a man is thinking of to himself…” This thing where you cry during communal prayer and make lots of sounds, it’s showing off’.38. Material aspects: It is worthwhile exploring the quality of weeping. Abu Muharib [Jihadi John] had to be restrained from hitting this madkhali by other worshippers. We get glimpses of unsanctioned weeping in the sources. | Privacy Policy. Similarly with the occasions for weeping: they included prayer, Qurʾān recitation, remembrance of God, sermons or edifying stories, or meditative contemplation. Dream Weeping Dream Meaning Weeping Dream Interpretation Weeping in Dream Islam (Psychological / emotional perspective) Weeping suggests uncontrollable emotion or grief, so to experience either ourselves or someone else weeping in dreams is to show that there needs to … Weeping in your dreams, foretells ill tidings and disturbances in your family. 1’00’’. A) We advise that you follow your parents wish. To dream of yourself weeping is an ominous symbol. See for example the Facebook group ‘Tears of Recitation’, https://www.facebook.com/TearsOfRecitation (last accessed 2 April 2019). The heroes of the Iliad, for example, wept profusely, as did Sir Lancelot in Chrétien de Troyes’ The Knight of the Cart.19 Moreover, several studies show that also Western soldiers cry in private despite prevailing norms, which suggests the hardship of warfare itself may be conducive to weeping.20, The literature on weeping in Islam is limited, but has yielded important insights.21 Broadly speaking, the Islamic tradition approves of weeping for spiritual reasons. Abstract This article, using a wide range of primary sources, describes the practice of weeping (bukā) in contemporary jihadi groups. The fact that only a minority of jihadis weep, and that others readily admit their inability to do so, suggests that they value sincerity in matters tearful, and that they disapprove of fake weeping. The crying must in some way testify to the person’s faith or commitment to the cause in order to merit reporting and praise. The Epic of Gilgamesh: the Babylonian epic poem and other texts in Akkadian and Sumerian (London: Penguin Books [1999] 2003), 78, 91, 99, 185 6, 191; Marcelle Werbrouck, Les pleureuses dans l’Egypte ancienne (Brussels: Ed. Militant weeping is intriguing for several reasons. The ability of crying uncontrollably in the dream means the enemy is attacking you with the bread of sorrow. Take this dream as a sign and be careful in the upcoming period of your life. The clandestine nature and out-group hostility of jihadi groups limit the sources and methods available for studying intimate practices such as weeping. You Crying in Dream. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, The Krio of West Africa: Islam, Culture, Creolization, and Colonialism in the Nineteenth Century, The Ottoman and Mughal Empires: Social History in the Early Modern World, About the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies, http://www.alboraq.info/showthread.php?t=114062&s=21dd0eca1270421eff4f5a477b399498, http://www.altawhed.eb2a.com/vb/archive/index.php/t-1533.html, https://www.academia.edu/16663821/Sadness_in_Classical_Islam_Its_Relation_to_the_Goals_of_Religion, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7yAqZfjpOBg, http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2013/08/erdogan-cries-television-interview.html, https://www.facebook.com/TearsOfRecitation, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LHQl9lz0d_o, https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=14&v=OCGgv5AvEnk, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bnMIwGg3nA4, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=REf5L_Y1IK8, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dXmokZu3ro4, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_qEdhE_uxcs, http://archive.org/details/fromcaboltobagdad, https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/network/personal/attawill.html, https://archive.org/details/Jundullah-FadlAlJihad, http://www.palestineremembered.com/GeoPoints/Dayr_al_Balah_958/Article_9417.html, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic, Copyright © 2020 Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies. Arabian (Islamic) Consolation If Crying person that you know – To see someone that you know is crying in your dream, then this means that you know how to comfort this person; He would stand on the grave of each martyr and say a few enflamed words full of enthusiasm and compassion, and it was almost never without tears. However, everything was put on hold when she became very ill. The closest thing to a jihadism-specific weeping occasion is the combat-related one, where fighters cry in anticipation of martyrdom or over the denial thereof (although even this is not historically unprecedented, as we shall see below.) In academic use, ‘jihadi’ is merely a descriptor with no normative value for Islamic debates on the nature of jihad. The sources do not allow us to specify the proportion of active jihadis who weep. For example, a Chechen Islamic State fighter in Syria described weeping alone in a state of mind suggestive of sorrow or depression: the next thing you know that friend is killed, and ‘you’re in shock’. Weeping is socially appreciated; it often happens in groups, it is rewarded with praise and honorifics, and it is advertised in propaganda. Malcolm Cameron Lyons and D. E. P. Jackson, Saladin: The Politics of the Holy War (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984), 373; Ahmed Ibn Arabshah, Tamerlane or Timur the Great Amir (transl. Dream Weeping Dream Meaning Weeping Dream Interpretation Weeping in Dream Islam Weeping suggests mourning for some spiritual quality we have lost. ‘Abo Ibrahim Al Swedi - När Kommer Tilliten’, https://vimeo.com/118355704, posted ca. The Big Dictionary of Dreams, The sweeping out of another’ house means he will acquire much wealth from the owner of that house.... Islamic Dream Interpretation. Many Muslim clerics weep when preaching, and audiences weep with them. 5th. (Last accessed 30 March 2019). One the contrary joy, happiness, merry-making, laughter, … Alfred Reginald Radcliffe-Brown, The Andaman Islanders: A Study in Social Anthropology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1922). Weeping has not been a major topic for Islamic scholars—there are only a few works dedicated specifically to the topic—but it is addressed in passing in several works. Speaking of losing a loved one, the sixth main type of weeping occasion is when a fellow fighter dies. This is a tentative, inductively generated typology which may need to be revised as research on this topic progresses. He wept and we wept with him, and Sayyāf too. Islamic Dream Interpretation MEDICINE MAN / WOMAN The medicine man or woman is an archetypal character aspect; they are part of your personality, but at a much higher, aspirational level. 0 . At the individual level, the weeping tells us something about the intensity of the emotional commitment to the cause among Islamist militants. Clearing away outmoded attitudes, anxieties or emotions; getting feelings about someone out of one’s life. […] On the night prior to the operation he led us in prayer at night and I swear that he made us cry by the way he supplicated God for victory and implored him constantly to grant him martyrdom.71. Categorization is often analytically useful, but it must be coupled with a precise understanding of the fuzziness of conceptual borders. Twitter message from ‘Berita Dunya’ (@muslimurl), 15 September 2015. I wanted it to come out of me, for if it did so, it would relieve me of many things.52. As we have already seen, special epithets are reserved for those in the movement who weep extensively: either bakkāʾ (weeper), bākī (one who weeps), or kathīr al-bukāʾ (the plentiful weeper).49 A preacher who sheds tears and can make others cry through his sermons can be called al-bākī al-mubkī, ‘he who weeps and causes weeping’.50 A fighter’s proneness to weeping can also be lauded in other terms; for example, the leader of the cell behind the 2004 Madrid attack, Abdelmajid al-Fakhet, was said to speak with ‘much emotion and enthusiasm’, and he ‘could even cry of emotion’.51 Crucially, tearfulness by no means detracts from the fighter’s reputation for ferocity or bravery; as with Abū Muṣʿab al-Zarqāwī, some of the most brutal fighters have been lauded for their weeping. It was their last wish and you didn't fulfilled it. I dream I am standing in a group of people who are talking about their status when I see an old man outside in the sloping dirt motioning for me to come over. I searched with my hand under the bed, took out my rifle and told him, ‘Sheikh I don’t have anything to offer you other than this weapon which is very dear to me; I took it as booty from one of the Russian soldiers. Idrīs M. ʿAli and Muḥammad Khālid Istanbūlī; Beirut: Dār al-Bashāʾir al-Islāmiyya, 3rd edn., 2002). ʿAbdallāh ʿAzzām used to do this with Arabs killed in the 1980s in Afghanistan: And his tears fell when he lauded the martyrs after their burial. Meanwhile, less frequent weepers express envy at their more tearful comrades and make efforts to cry more. (Citations by book:chapter, ḥadīth no. For one, it deepens our understanding of the mindset and worldview of militant Islamists, an ideological community whose violence and resilience have often baffled observers. He would cry much, and was very soft-hearted, emotional and sentimental’.76 A Saudi fighter in late 1990s Afghanistan named Abū al-Zubayr al-Kabīlī was known for collapsing in tears ‘whenever he heard of a calamity affecting the Muslim nation or a tragic story that had occurred in Bosnia’.77 A British-Algerian named Rahman Benouis, who was convicted on terrorism charges in the UK in 2007, explained in court that his militant career had started after someone showed him a video of atrocities against Muslims in Kashmir which had made him weep.78 We know such reports are real, because fighters have been observed doing this during trials; for example, Ishaq Ahmed, a Norwegian-Somali foreign fighter returned from Syria, wept in court in 2015 when describing an anecdote about a young girl who was raped by government soldiers, a story that he said had motivated him to go to Syria in the first place.79 Another interesting anecdote features in the martyrdom biography of the British Islamic State executioner Mohammed Emwazi—also known as ‘Jihadi John’. (Last accessed 17 September 2015.). This adds to a growing body of evidence suggesting that contemporary jihadis have incorporated certain Sufi ideas and practices, in spite of their declared Salafism. ), ‘Tiltalt konvertitt (19) om siste møte med moren: Fryktet gråt ville avsløre ham [Accused convert (19) about last meeting with mother: worried that crying would alert her]’, Verdens Gang (online), 3 November 2016. When you sweep in the dream, it is an indication that God is setting you free from all manners of sins and the bondage of ancestral evil powers in your father’s house or mother’s house. : secret date. Some Muslims object to the association of jihad with the violent activities of such groups, but the term ‘jihadi’ is now an established term in academia and the media, including in the Muslim world. But in what specific types of situations do jihadis weep? If you had a dream where you were alone, weeping, that indicates that a great joy is just around the corner. ), Holy Tears: Weeping in the Religious Imagination (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2005), 132–44; and Linda G. Jones, ‘“He cried and made others cry”: crying as a sign of pietistic authenticity or deception in medieval Islamic preaching’ in Elina Gertsman (ed. I woke up exhausted.”, It is an exhausting dream indicating that you are unmotivated or waste your energy in worthless issues. Islamic dream Interpretation - The extensive indexes and well organized layout of this valuable site make it a useful dream dictionary of types of dreams and their meaning. Gudrun Krämer, Hasan al-Banna (Oxford: Oneworld, 2010). David B. Cook, ‘Contemporary martyrdom: ideology and material culture’ in Hegghammer (ed. The weeping jihadists show that the two norms can coexist in a culture that values ruthlessness and sensitivity simultaneously. I was swept up as the others by the feelings of love and fellowship and brotherhood. Weeping in your dreams, foretells ill tidings and disturbances in your family. The most prominent example is ʿAbdallāh b. al-Mubārak (d. 797) one of the ascetic volunteers who fought against the Byzantines in north Syria during the early ʿAbbasid period, and the author of the first known book on jihad in the Islamic tradition. Dream about crying indicates a negative meaning. ‘Wa- ʿayn bakat min khāshyat allāh [An eye wept for fear of God]’, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LHQl9lz0d_o, posted 19 August 2013 (last accessed 28 March 2019). Others warn against ostentatious weeping, noting the Prophet’s hostility to wailing (‘He who shaves (his head), shouts and tears his clothing does not belong to us’). Crying in a loud voice over a worldly matter invalidates the prayer according to the four major schools of jurisprudence. Darryl Li, ‘Taking the place of martyrs: Afghans and Arabs under the banner of Islam’, Arab Studies Journal, 20/1 (2012): 12–39. The findings also inform our understanding of warrior cultures, notably by challenging the notion that brutality and sensitivity are opposites. The Ta’if brothers burst into tears because they knew him since he was young. We know from other research on the internal culture of jihadi groups that these pressures make emotions run high.94 We also know that weeping is found to a larger or smaller extent in most military organizations. Some interpretations are opposite to the situations in the dream and so this one when you see yourself upset, you will be … [Then] Abu Muharib began to weep loudly. 5560 (10 December 2013). For example, the Saudi cleric ʿAbdallāh al-Luḥaydān wrote a booklet in 1992 about the benefits of crying while reading the Qurʾān.39 It even concluded with the above-cited observation by al-Ghazālī about the inability to weep itself being a reason to cry. A third speculation is that weeping constitutes a form of virtue signaling that helps communicate commitment to the cause both within the community and to external audiences. 14:23... Christian Dream Symbols. It was narrated in more than one hadeeth from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that the deceased suffers because of the weeping of his family over him. Author’s interview with anonymous, Paris, 26 April 2016. Very early in Islamic history there were ascetics known for their weeping. What this means is that Sa‘d thought that all kinds of crying or weeping were haraam, and that tears from the eye are haraam, and he thought that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) had forgotten that, so he reminded him. For a good illustration of Salafi–Sufi polemics on weeping, see Arif Zamhari, Rituals of Islamic Spirituality: A Study of Majlis Dhikr Groups in East Java (Canberra: ANU E Press, 2010), 41–2 and 113–15. This is indicative of a previously underappreciated Sufi influence on modern jihadism. It means either you are missing them alot or you regret for something you have not done for them before their demise. To dream of yourself weeping is an ominous symbol. One source described a sermon by ʿAzzām in the 1980s: ‘his speech inflamed all those around him with enthusiasm. Twitter message from ‘alwalawalbara’ (@alwalawalbara12), 24 October 2016. Online: http://www.alboraq.info/showthread.php?t=114062&s=21dd0eca1270421eff4f5a477b399498, posted 22 June 2009 (last accessed 15 December 2015). For the affective turn, see David Lemmings and Ann Brooks, ‘The Emotional Turn in the Humanities and Social Sciences’ in Emotions and Social Change: Historical and Sociological Perspectives (New York: Routledge, 2014), 3–18. As we shall see, the reality is quite different. Most jihadi groups expose their members to the horrors of war and a constant risk of death, injury, or capture. One who is in deep mourning and in need of empathy; see “tree” and “tears”... 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See, for example, Andre Loez, ‘Tears in the trenches: a history of emotions and the experience of war’ in Jenny Macleod and Pierre Purseigle (eds. This treatise may have been implicitly directed at Shiʿi weeping practices. If someone who is crying starts to cheer up, it means that this person gets peace after a trouble, learns joyful news and also be happy in his career. Seeing oneself as weeping will be interpreted as joy and happiness as long as such weeping is not done with sound, screaming or tearing one’s collar to pieces as when mourning. The greener is its color, the greater is such a person. When Claudia had this dream she was investing every effort to restore an old family house that was in pretty bad shape. Marwān Ibrāhīm Al-Kaysī, Morals and Manners in Islam: A Guide to Islamic Ādāb (Leicester: Kube Publishing, [1986] 2015). Michael Bonner, ‘Some observations concerning the early development of jihad on the Arab-Byzantine frontier’, Studia Islamica, 75 (1992): 5–31, at 27. I then processed the evidence inferentially, attempting to detect patterns independently of my preconceptions, in the spirit of ethnography. Thus, these dreams have negative connotations. See, for example, Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 9:17. ‘Bakkāʾ’, EI2; Fatemeh Lajevardi and Mukhtar H. Ali, ‘Bukāʾ’, in Wilferd Madelung and Farhad Daftary (eds. Al-Bunyān al-Marsūs, 30 (February 1990), 7. Weeping Gypsy Dream Dictionary Raymond Buckland | Dream Interpretation - Dream Meaning | Dictionary of signs, symbols and dream comments related to Weeping, Gypsy, Dream, Dictionary, Raymond, Buckland | The meanings of the Weeping, Gypsy, Dream, Dictionary, Raymond, Buckland symbol in dream Crying in dream is good or bad - When someone cries in real life, it is almost always thought to be a sign of some overbearing burdenand pain. Meanwhile, anthropologists and humanities scholars have been concerned with weeping norms and practices across human cultures. Others weep when they are denied, for whatever reason, the opportunity to take part in battle. Twitter message by Kadafi Zaman (@TV2Kadafi), 22 June 2015; Author’s SMS correspondence with Kadafi Zaman, 22 June 2015. In this case, the meaning alludes to that of RELIEF. ), Religions Organization and Religions Experience (London: Academic Press, 1982), 97–114. Sermon-related weeping can be further divided into two types: when the speaker weeps and when the audience weeps. It revealed that crying is widespread and encouraged inside the movement. By God, there was not a single time he did not weep. ), The Study of Shiʿi Islam: History, Theology and Law (London: I.B. Asked by his opponent why he was crying, Ibn al-Mubārak said ‘On your behalf I have been chastised’, whereupon the unbeliever was impressed by Islam and converted.97 Similarly, in his book on jihad in premodern Sufi writings, Harry Neale mentions several examples from the Persian book Hazār ḥikāyat- i ṣūfiyān (The Thousand Tales of the Sufis) of Sufi warriors in the medieval period who weep in connection with battle. ‘Mohamed Atta’s last will and testament’, available at https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/network/personal/attawill.html, undated (last accessed 29 March 2019). Smile Of Someone Crying In A Dream. You are taking a new stance and have a fresh attitude toward life. I thank Henrik Gråtrud and my other colleagues at FFI for valuable input. For example, it says of the early prophets that ‘those who were given the knowledge before it when it is recited to them, fall down upon their faces prostrating […] And they fall down upon their faces weeping; and it increases them in humility’ (Q. At the group level, the weeping indicates that life in the jihadi underground is considerably more sentimental than its tabloid reputation suggests. Tears are associated with rain and therefore also with vitality and fertility. While the delineation between jihadi and non-jihadi militant Islamist groups is not razor-sharp and intra-jihadi differences are legion, there is broad consensus in the literature that the transnational groups constitute a distinct ideological movement with a shared subculture.6. For example, in 2014, the Egyptian jihadi preacher Abu Hamza al-Masri wept in a US court after speaking about his love for Usāma bin Lādin, who had been killed three years earlier.87. (Last accessed 21 May 2019.). Yet another common occasion for weeping is when people are exposed to stories or images of Muslim civilians suffering at the hands of Islam’s enemies. For example, in a biography of ʿAbdallāh ʿAzzām, the leader of the so-called Afghan Arabs in the 1980s, we learn that, he used to weep during the evening and afternoon prayers. Nowhere in the sources—as far as this author can tell—are there prominent criticisms or reservations about devotional weeping (non-devotional weeping is another matter, as we shall see below). Some of them are referred to in the sources as ‘weepers’ (bakkāʾūn) due to their very extensive tear-shedding.33 Incredible stories describe their crying feats: one cried for days on end, another drenched entire sacks of sand, yet another produced a puddle of tears so large he could perform his ablutions in it.34 They cried furrows into their cheeks, lost their eyelashes and eyelids, went blind, or even died from weeping. I cried and cried.72, Another Afghan Arab wept because he was late to a battle, prompting ʿAzzām to remark that ‘I was so pleased to see a mujahid who had spent seven years in battle weep because he was late to a jihad operation’.73 However, post-combat weeping appears to be more common; the sources contain many descriptions of fighters weeping out of disappointment at not having been killed in battle. 3, 4, and 8. While in hospital, she had a life-changing spiritual experience. This suggests that the religiosity of many jihadis is genuine and that they cannot be dismissed as delinquent opportunists hiding under a veneer of piety. ‘Min khafāyā al-amīr [Secrets of the emir]’, http://www.altawhed.eb2a.com/vb/archive/index.php/t-1533.html, posted 16 February 2013 (last accessed 21 April 2015). Pellat, ‘Seriousness and humour in early Islam (al-jidd wa’l-hazl fi sadr al-islam)’, Islamic Studies, 2/3 (1963): 353–62. Ḥusnī Adham Jarār, al-Shahīd ʿabdallāh ʿazzām: rajul daʿwa wa-madrasat jihād [The Martyr ʿAbdallāh ʿAzzām: man of the mission to spread Islam and a school of jihad] (Amman: Dār al-Ḍiyāʾ, 1990), 353–4. Empirically, the article focuses on transnational militant Sunni Islamist groups operating between approximately 1980 and today. See also Ḥusayn al-‘Awaayishah, Weeping from the Fear of Allaah (transl. 3rd. Its a bit confusing but I will try to interpret. Thijl Sunier and Mehmet Şahin, ‘The weeping sermon: persuasion, binding and authority within the Gülen-movement’, Culture and Religion, 16/2 (3 April 2015): 228–41. Are we sobbing and, therefore, not able to express ourselves fully? ʿAbdallāh ʿAzzām, The Lofty Mountain (London: Azzam Publications, 2003), p. 49. al-Hindūkūshī, ‘Mudhakirātī min kābūl ilā baghdād, part 5. 2- Sweeping is an old image which harks back to good management and clearing of the environment.
2020 weeping in dream islam