The climate of Northern Africa is dominated by the Sahara desert, which is noted for extreme temperature changes from hot days to near-freezing nights. Clear blue skies are characteristic. Africa's complex climate system is, unusually, influenced by the three main global ocean basins. Climate Action. On the coast the mean monthly maximum temperatures are steady throughout the year, remaining about 90 °F (32 °C) at Lagos and about 91 °F (33 °C) at Port Harcourt; the mean monthly minimum temperatures are approximately 72 °F (22 °C) for Lagos and 68 °F (20 °C) for Port Harcourt. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. The rainy season in Northern Africa runs from September to May, and rainfall is usually heavy and brief. Climate is a long-term weather pattern, the sum of features such as temperature, rainfall, and wind. Moreover, a quasi-permanent subtropical high-pressure cell (the Saharan. Dust storm, Winde Mborni, Mauritania, July 2008. Weather & Climate in East Africa Life on the savanna revolves around the seasons: perhaps the most stunning example of this is the wildebeest migration, which is seasonally-driven. Under the worst case climate change scenario, a reduction in mean yield of 13% is projected in West and Central Africa, 11% in North Africa, and 8% in East and Southern Africa. Temperatures in the lowlands of West Africa are high throughout the year, with annual means usually above 18°C. The diverse climates of Africa range from scorching deserts to icy glaciers, from steamy rainforests to grassy plains. This symmetry is, however, imperfect because of a third factor—the great east–west extent of the continent north of the Equator, in contrast to its narrow width to the south. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Summer is an ideal time to visit overall, but especially if you're planning on visiting a beach, as water temperatures are usually close to 80 degrees Fahrenheit (27 degrees Celsius). Eastern Africa, classically presented as a major dry climate anomaly region in the otherwise wet equatorial belt, is a transition zone between the monsoon domains of West Africa and the Indian Ocean. In the afternoon, dark clouds bring rain and thunder storms. This circulation is known as the Hadley celland leads to the formation of the subtropical ridge. Summers (November to April) are hot and wet, while winters (May to October) are cooler and have less rain, though the islands tend to stay hot and humid year-round. As it moves towards the Mid-Latitudes, the air cools and sinks, which leads to subsidence near the 30th parallel of both hemispheres. Since the rainforests in Africa are near/on the equator so it is very hot and humid everyday. Local Time and Weather in Africa Sort By: City Country Time Temperature Cities Shown: Capitals (56) Most Popular (67) Popular (73) Somewhat Popular (349) All (418) Morocco, Egypt and Tunisia are a holidaymakers paradise in spring and autumn, but are too hot for many in July and August. Second, the near bisection of the continent by the Equator results in a largely symmetrical arrangement of climatic zones on either side. Climate change is both one of the greatest threats to Africa and an area in which Biden administration policy is most likely to differ from President Trump's. The coastal areas enjoy a more Mediterranean climate, with steady temperatures ranging 73-84°F (23-29°C). The World Meteorological Organization warns Africa faces many challenges brought on by climate variability, extreme weather events and sea level rise. Several studies of the rocks in the region indicate that the Sahara became established as a climatic desert approximately 2–3 million years ago, an interval that spanned from the late Pliocene to the early Pleistocene Epoch. This is how the weather is year around. Help support true facts by becoming a member. The seasons and weather in Africa vary from north to south as the continent straddles the Equator, extending almost equally in each direction. In the Sahel, maximum temperatures can reach above 40°C. Climate Information Tool, Monthly Data This tool provides data for any location in Africa, even if no weather station is available. I started a solo climate strike in January 2019 because I was … Mean monthly temperatures are lower than in tropical climates, dropping to about 50 °F (10 °C) in winter, while summer (June–July in North Africa, and December–January in Southern Africa) temperatures may sometimes exceed those of tropical climates. Simply click wherever you want on the map to access it. In consequence, the influence of the sea extends farther inland in Southern Africa. Sahara - Sahara - Climate: The age of the Sahara has been a matter of some dispute. South Africa experiences a diversity of changes in climate, but is most famous for its sunshine. Parts of South Africa see summer highs get up to 81 degrees Fahrenheit (28 degrees Celsius), with averages closer to 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees Celsius), while the mild winters produce average highs of approximately 63 degrees Fahrenheit (17 degrees Celsius). In the Rift Valley, average temperatures decrease from about 84 °F (29 °C) in the north to just over 61 °F (16 °C) around Lakes Nakuru and Naivasha in the south. In central Tanzania, daytime temperatures are usually above 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius). The wet season has a lot of rain which is blown in from the equator to the north, and causes a lot flooding in local areas. Africa’s Agenda 2063, which was concluded in 2013, recognizes climate change as a major challenge for the continent’s development. These are just a mere handful of examples of what climate change is doing to Africa already. Though areas like the Congo stay at around 80% humidity, summers are slightly drier and winters in Central Africa (July and August) are when the rainy season takes place. Winter in Botswana is the best time for a safari holiday, as the temperatures are warm and there is little to no rain. Thorn woodland, grassland, and semidesert vegetation. In the month of october, the mean temperature in Cape Town is 67°F (maximum temperature is 72°F and minimum temperature is 61°F). Averages are for O.R. The seasons and weather in Africa vary from north to south as the continent straddles the Equator, extending almost equally in each direction. It can get as high as 120° F. further away from the coast. The average temperature during the wet is about 85°F. In Central Africa, the climate is more consistent, with hot weather year-round. This is because seventy percent of the continent lies between the tropic of Cancer and the tropic of Capricorn. The weather in Namibia is dominated by the Kalahari Desert, with hot and dry conditions year-round and temperatures dipping nearly to freezing at night in winter. Further east, the savannahs in Kenya enjoy ideal weather all year long. Most of sub-Saharan Africa has a tropical climate. Africa needs to prepare better for climate change by responding to a wide range of potential risks, a multi-agency report led by the UN World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said on Monday, the first in a series of continent-by-continent assessments. Climate in South Africa in october Climate in Cape Town in october. The dry season, which lasts from December to February everywhere in the country, is relatively cool, with daytime temperatures in the mid-80s to mid-90s F (upper 20s to mid-30s C) and nighttime temperatures that drop to the mid-50s F (low to mid-10s C). Both dry and rainy seasons in East Africa offer their advantages, and wildlife highlights can be found at every time of year. The average temperature … Southern Africa’s weather varies more than its northern neighbours, with considerable changes in temperature throughout the year. Annual Weather Averages Near Johannesburg. The amount of heat from the sun plays a major role in determining climate. Globally, heating of the earth near the equator leads to large amounts of upward motion and convection along the monsoon trough or Intertropical Convergence Zone. Africa’s climate is just as variable, ranging from desert to jungle, subtropical coastal bushland to mountains. Africa’s climate is just as variable, ranging from desert to jungle, subtropical coastal. Europe is underestimating the primary cause of migration from sub-saharan Africa: climate change. Rain falls exclusively in the summer. of Arizona Because of their small size, the weather in the Seychelles and Madagascar varies considerably. The site interpolates data using weather stations that are within close proximity to your inquiry. Many of the w… Of course, these averages change dramatically from region to region. Daily maximum temperatures range from 80 °F (27 °C) in July to 90 °F (32 °C) in October and February. The divergence over the near-equatorial trough leads to air rising and moving away from the equator aloft. Over most of the central Sahara, the mean annual precipitation is less than 25 mm, although the high plateaux of the Ahaggar and Tibesti receive over 100 mm. The hot and wet air rises to the sky. In West Africa the rainy season begins in May. Here, the climate is constantly mild, with average daytime temperatures around 15 °C (59 °F) in winter and around 20 °C (68 °F) in summer, even though rapid increases in temperature may occur when the wind blows from the desert, which lies to the east and is scorchingly hot in summer. Access hourly, 10 day and 15 day forecasts along with up to the minute reports and videos from Emerging from one of those rapidly warming oceans, … The coastal areas enjoy a more Mediterranean climate, with steady temperatures ranging 73-84°F (23-29°C). It’s a relatively dry country, and as you can see below, temperatures are very good during the whole year, although in wintertime nights can be chilling. Bangui The capital, Bangui, is located in the south, on the banks of the Ubangi River, at the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo, and at 350 meters (1,150 ft) above sea level (the lowest altitude of the country).Here, the temperatures are more uniform throughout the year, however, in winter, the temperature range is higher, and it exceeds 30 °C (86 °F) during the day. For detailed information on weather in Africa see our comprehensive month-by-month guides below. Temperatures average around 64 degrees year round everywhere except at the more temperate southern tip of the continent and in cooler upland zones. The climate in Chad is desert in the north, semi-desert in the center, and tropical with a wet season in the south. First, most of the continent—which extends from 35° S to about 37° N latitude—lies within the tropics. From March onward it becomes very hot until the first heavy rains fall. Sudden temperature changes are common. Average temperatures range 37-68°F (3-20°C), although this also varies according to city, for example the winters in Cape Town can be cold and windy, while in Durban they are mild and balmy. The best time to visit the Seychelles is October and November, when the water temperature can reach 84°F (29°C). In Central Africa, the climate is more consistent, with hot weather year-round. A number of factors influence the climate of the African continent. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Monsoon season in the Indian Ocean is in April and May. © Stefanie Herrmann/U. Brazzaville In the capital, Brazzaville, which is situated at 320 meters (1,050 feet) above sea level, in the south-east, along the Congo River, which gives its name to the country, daytime temperatures are about 30 °C (86 °F) from September to January, they go up to 31/32 °C (88/90 °F) from February to April, and then they drop to around 27/28 °C (81/82 °F) from June to August. Tambo International Airport, which is 13 miles from Johannesburg. Summer is warmer, but the intense rains add to the humidity, so its better to come in the cooler months. Mozambique is a popular destination for South Africans, as well as many European visitors, a great spot for game fishing and beach holidays. Winters in South Africa (June to August) are cold and rainy, with harsh wind. The rainforest's climate is very unnatural, it the morning it is very hot and the sun heats up the ground. The rainy season in Northern Africa runs from September to May, and rainfall is usually heavy and brief. Its complex terrain, unequaled in the rest of Africa, results in a huge diversity of climatic conditions that steer a wide range of vegetation landscapes, biodiversity and human occupations. Africa is a huge continent with a wide variety of landscapes and climates, from the dry, hot desert climate found in the northern countries in the Sahara desert to the tropical rainforests toward the center of the continent and the subarctic climates found in mountainous regions in southern Africa. The climate quite pleasant around this city in the month of october. Get the Africa weather forecast. The dominance of high-pressure conditions in the Sahara is marked by the low average precipitation in this region. Zimbabwe, formerly Rhodesia, is a country located in southern Africa, just north of the Tropic of Capricorn, and almost entirely occupied by a plateau, at an altitude between 1,200 and 1,600 meters (3,900 and 5,200 feet), which tempers the climate. UN Climate Change News, 27 October 2020 – Increasing temperatures and sea levels, changing precipitation patterns and more extreme weather are threatening human health and safety, food and water security and socio-economic development in Africa, according to a new report devoted exclusively to the continent.
2020 average temperature in africa