In appreciation for her long career in the law, Motley has received many honors and accolades. Constance Baker Motley later died on 28th September 2005. She was born Sept. 14, 1921, in New Haven, Conn., the ninth of 12 children. The Associated Press reports that the Marshall-Motley Scholars Program is named for legendary Supreme Court Justice and LDF founder Thurgood Marshall, and for Constance Baker Motley… Source: Blackfacts.com. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. The person at the NAACP who hired her? Three years later she achieved Bachelor of Laws from Columbia Law School in 1946. Take a Spin! Development Facts Constance Baker Motley is a Senior Only high-rise development, providing 150 homes for residents 62 years and older, residents with disabilities and elderly disabled residents. Democratic Party Facts. In a 1987 decision, Motley addressed the issue of probable cause in detaining individuals suspected of violating the law, ruling that, without exceptional circumstances, suspects cannot be detained by police for more than twenty-four hours without a court ruling that sufficient evidence Most Popular #156185. She was the fifth woman, and the first Black woman, appointed to the federal bench.3 She served for almost twenty years, from 1946 to 1964, as staff Ten of her cases would be argued before the U.S. Supreme Court; of those, she won nine. Motley took Blakeslee up on his offer and enrolled at Fisk University, transferring to New York University after a few semesters and graduating with a degree in economics in 1943. The award held a special meaning for Motley; as she told the Columbia University Record, "My role model as a female judge was Florence Allen.". MOTLEY-Constance Baker. She attended public schools, and on many occasions, she was a subject of racism during in school. She is popular for being a Civil Rights Leader. Motley became the lead trial attorney for the NAACP Legal Defense Fund and began arguing desegregation and fair housing cases across the country. Feb 3, 2020 - Constance Baker Motley was an African American judge, lawyer, civil rights activist, and politician. Constance Baker Motley participated in 10 different cases argued before the Supreme Court. Lifestyle Facts. Motley's father worked as a chef on the campus of Yale University, thus ensuring that his daughter would be exposed to an academic environment. She was promoted to the district chief judge in 1982 before ascending to the position of the senior judge four years later. In her time as a civil judge, she oversaw many civil rights cases. Virgo Civil Rights Leader #20. Federal Judge Constance Baker Motley was born in Connecticut in 1921. Whitney Young. She is currently 99 years old. She worked as the first female attorney for the Legal Defense and Educational Fund (LDF) of the National Association for the Advancement for Colored People (NAACP). Lyndon B. Johnson. Share with your friends. The American civil rights leader has been alive for 36,261 days … Click for even more facts or worksheets. The first black woman to graduate from Columbia University School of … Motley won notable civil rights victories in the U.S. Supreme Court, represented Martin Luther King Jr., served in the New York State Senate and was a city borough president. 4, Macmillan Reference USA, 2006, p. 1495. year, on August 18, she would marry a local insurance broker named Joel W. Motley, with whom she would eventually have a son. They had one son Joel Wilson Motley and three grandchildren. Source: Blackfacts.com. Her father, McCullough Alva Baker, worked as a chef for Yale student societies, including Skull and Bones. She became the first African woman to win the seat. As principal legal counsel for the NAACP's Legal Defense and Education Fund, Motley was almost exclusively involved in the litigation of civil rights cases, working to end discrimination against African Americans in areas of education, housing, employment, transportation, and public accommodations. However, opposition to this nomination was so vocal that Johnson withdrew Motley's name and appointed her, instead, as one of twenty-eight U.S. District judges for the Southern District of New York. As a child, Motley learned about the history of African Americans through her local Sunday School class, in which teachers sought to address the large number of African-Americans in the community. Clarence W. Blakeslee, a philanthropist, helped Baker join Fisk University, a renowned University for black students. • Ahmed, Siraj. Constance Baker's first job was as the first female attorney lawyer in NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. Among Motley's tasks at the NYA was addressing topics of interest at the city's public forums. Almanac of the Federal Judicial, Volume 1, 1998, pp. Motley's father worked as a chef on the campus of Yale University, thus ensuring that his daughter would be exposed to an academic environment. Take a Spin! It is located at 6 Constance Baker Motley St New Haven, Connecticut. Representing the voice of both minorities and women during her decades as a practicing attorney, she had also addressed the rights of these same groups from her position on the U.S. District Court of New York State. Debra DeBerry Clerk of Superior Court DeKalb County (September 14, 1921 – September 28, 2005) The Clerk’s Black History Series Her success in the law courts saw her win nine of ten cases she took. Until her last day, Baker worked as a federal judge. Constance Baker Motley died in New York City in September 2005. Judge Motley joined the … The president later appointed her to the federal bench of Southern District in New York. She was called to the bar of the State of New York in 1948. First Name Constance. She was the first African American woman to argue a case before the Supreme Court. Her father Rachel Huggins and mother, McCullough Alva Baker. The family regularly attended St. Luke’s Epis… Hine, Darlene Clark, Black Women in America, Carlson, 1993. Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and … Science Facts. Motley grew up attending New Haven’s integrated public schools and soon became an avid reader. Constance Baker Motley 1921–2005 Federal court judge, lawyer, politician When, in May of 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its landmark decision in the Brown v. She was the ninth child in a family of 12 children. This Black Fact was brought to you by Master Merchant. Her success in that capacity earned her a full four-year term in office, during which time Motley developed a program for the revitalization of Harlem and East Harlem, winning the city $700, 000 in funds to plan much-needed improvements for impoverished areas of New York City. These early experiences would serve Motley well after high school graduation; although the financial demands of tuition put college out of reach, she was still able to obtain a good job with the National Youth Administration (NYA) due to her strong clerical and administrative skills and her public service background. 66-68. Constance Baker Motley Is A Member Of . Constance Baker Motley was born on the 14th of September, 1921. Constance Baker Motley, January 28, 1964 – Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection In 1954, she wrote the first legal brief in the groundbreaking Brown v. the Board of Education case. While Motley had to work twice as hard as her white male colleagues to earn the respect of attorneys and her fellow justices, she eventually gained a reputation as a respected and fair-minded jurist. Civil Rights Leaders. In her line of duty, she visited Martin Luther King Junior in jail. After serving the court as district judge for over a decade and a half, in 1982 Motley advanced to the position of Chief Justice, holding this post until 1986 with her appointment as Senior Justice. Both of her parents were immigrants of the Nevis. In 1950, Constance Baker Motley wrote the first brief in the historic 1954 Supreme Court decision, Brown vs. Board of Education, that declared segregated public schools unconstitutional. Winning 9 out of these 10 cases, Motley established herself as a successful female attorney at the highest level of the United States judiciary. Constance Bakers was born in New Haven on 14th September 1921. Quotations by Constance Baker Motley, American Activist, Born September 14, 1921. In 1965, on the advice of Supreme Court Justice Ramsey Clark, who had been impressed by Motley's arguments before his court, President Lyndon B. Johnson nominated Motley for a seat on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, the bench that hears all cases arising out of the federal trial courts in Connecticut, New York, and Vermont. Though poor, they belonged to New Haven’s black elite. Constance Baker Motley later died on 28th September 2005. In February of 1965, Motley was elected by the New York City Council to fill a one-year vacancy as president of the Manhattan borough, and she still holds the record as the only woman to yet occupy that position. However, after a few interviews in which she barely got past the outer office, the young black woman realized that, because of her gender and her race, it would be next to impossible for her to be given a job in a private law firm. Enjoy the best Constance Baker Motley Quotes at BrainyQuote. Constance Baker Motley was a longtime Connecticut resident and a trailblazer for women of color. That same During her 2nd year in the university, she worked as a law clerk on court-martial cases that were filed after World War II. Perhaps most notably, though, she became the firs… Until her last day, Baker worked as a federal judge. Over the next ten years, dozens of legal battles were required to enforce the ruling, and one of the leading powers behind them was a young, black trial attorney named Constance Baker Motley. New York Legal Aid Society attorney Caesar Cirigiano, who had filed the suit on behalf of the plaintiff, was quoted in the New York Times as calling Motley's ruling "the most important decision in the area of defendants' rights in the last ten years.". In one of her most notable judgments, she allowed a female news reporter to the New York Yankees' locker room. At one such forum, a talk she presented so impressed local businessman Clarence Blakeslee that he offered to put Motley through college. She was later reelected to succeed herself in the seat in November 1965 for her full four-year term. On several occasions, she visited Medgar Evers, a civil rights activist who had been arrested during his line of duty. Her government job became full-time in 1963 when she served out the unexpired term of New York State Senator James Watson. All Rights Reserved. Thurgood Marshall, left, and Constance Baker Motley, after whom the scholarship is named. On 4th February 1964, Constance Baker was elected to the New York State Senate. Motley was born in New Haven, Connecticut, on September 14, 1921, the daughter of emigrants from the West Indies. An energetic, dedicated woman who had devoted her life to the practice of law, she had transcended many stereotypes levelled against members of her sex, earning a reputation as a somewhat uncompromising jurist with little patience for lawyers who overstep their bounds. As a child, Motley learned about the history of African Americans through her local Sunday School class, in which teachers sought to address the large number of African-Americans in the community. Virgos. The following year she was elected to the state senate in her own right, and introduced and supported legislation to establish much-needed low-and middle-in-come housing in New York's urban areas before resigning the following year to pursue another opportunity in politics. ft. multi-family (2-4 unit) located at 6 Constance Baker Motley St, New Haven, CT 06511. An African American who grew up near Yale University, she did not personally experience overt racism until late in high school, and as a young person she was almost totally unaware of black history. She was motivated by a speech by George Crawford to join the civil rights activism. This 2320 square foot multi family home has 6 bedrooms and 4.0 bathrooms. Marshall would become a mentor to the young law student, and Motley would remain at the Fund for the next twenty years, becoming assistant counsel in 1950, and the organization's principal trial lawyer in the decade that followed. During her travels, she gained experience working with many judges, one of the most notable of whom was Ohio justice Florence E. Allen, the first woman to sit on the bench of either a state supreme court or a U.S. Court of Appeals. The first African American woman appointed to a federal judgeship in the United States, Constance Baker Motley (born 1921) has repeatedly blazed new trails for women in the judiciary, as well as in politics. From law clerk to Federal Court judge, Motley … First Name Constance #16. As a justice on the federal judicial circuit, Motley has been privileged to hear cases involving diverse, often sophisticated points of law dealing with issues regarding the U.S. Constitution, federal statutes, and disagreements between residents of different states, many of them large corporations. 1921. Born Constance Baker in New Haven, Connecticut, the future legal … A 1998 portrait of U.S. District Judge Constance Baker Motley. Birthplace: New Haven, Conn. As a prominent civil rights attorney, Motley won nine of the ten cases she argued before the U.S. Supreme Court, including the 1962 case in which James Meredith won admission to the University of Mississippi. She was the first black American woman to serve in the federal judiciary as a District Judge. At the age of 74, Constance Baker was diagnosed with congestive heart failure and was admitted at NYU Downtown Hospital in Manhattan. In 1962, she successfully argued before the Supreme Court for the admission of James Meredith, a black man, to the all-white University of Mississippi. Constance Baker was married to Joel Motley and was engaged in a church wedding in 1946. Her parents immigrated from Nevis, part of the British West Indies. exists to justify the arrest. This post, which was confirmed by the Senate in 1966, made her the first African American woman to serve as a federal judge. Constance Baker was a famous legal practitioner and a civil rights activist. “Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History: the Blackexperience in the Americas.” Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History: the Blackexperience in the Americas, by Colin A. Palmer, 2nd ed., vol. In 1966 she became the first black woman to become a federal judge. In the fall of 1997 she served as jurist-in-residence at the Indiana University School of Law. She was the recipient of the 1984 Candace Award from the National Coalition of One Hundred Black Women, and, in 1988, was asked to address an audience at the University of California at Los Angeles as part of the Thurgood Marshall Lecture series. In tandem with her work for the NAACP, Motley began a part-time career in government as a member of the New York State Advisory Council on Employment and Unemployment Insurance, a position she held from 1958 to 1965. The Board of Directors and Staff of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. mourn the loss of Judge Constance Baker Motley. For additional biographical information, see Equal Justice-Under Law: An Autobiography by Constance Baker Motley (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1998). 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